Writer's Guide to Government Information

Resources to inject real life detail into your fiction

U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey: The Effects of the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, June 19, 1946.

U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey: The Effects of the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, June 19, 1946. President’s Secretary’s File, Truman Papers – http://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/study_collections/bomb/large/documents/index.php?documentdate=1946-06-19&documentid=65&studycollectionid=abomb&pagenumber=1

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What are the effects of a nuclear attack?
  • What is a flash burn like?
  • How would an average US city be affected by a nuclear blast?

Description:

The purpose of the this 51 page report was to document the effects of atomic attack. The general outline of the report was:

  • Introduction
  • Effects of the Atomic Bombings
  • The attacks and damage
  • General Effects
  • Casualties (flash burns, other injuries and radiation disease)
  • How the Atomic Bomb Works
  • Signposts
  • The Danger
  • What We Can Do About It

Page 42 of this report has a table comparing the effects of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs with the Tokyo firebombing on 3/9/1945 and against an average derived from 93 attacks on Japanese urban targets.
Section IV of this report, which begins on page 44 and concludes the survey speculates on possible nuclear damage to US cities and what defenses might exist to atomic attack.

Aside from documenting the effects of a nuclear attack on buildings and people, this document is useful in showing American attitudes of the time.

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