FAS Military Analysis Network (US Weapons via FAS) – http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/man/index.html
Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:
- What is “angle of attack” in aviation?
- What sort of missiles might one find on a US submarine?
- What was the structure of the Japanese military in the 2000s?
- What are some policy issues related to the militarization of space?
The Federation of American Scientists is a nonprofit group interested in government transparency and national security matters. Their Military Analysis Network documents weapons systems from the US and other nations. Some of the information may duplicate what you might find in the “fact files” of the various services, but if you don’t find something in those fact files, this site may help.
The Military Analysis Network is divided into the following sections:
- US Munitions and Weapons Systems
- Rest of the World Military Equipment (China, European Union, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Pakistan, Russia, South Africa, Taiwan, Serbia.) – Equipment list intended to be representative, not exhaustive.
- Historical Weapons Archives
- Selected Country Military Summaries – Information appears to date between 2003 and 2006).
- Weapons in Space
- US Military Logistics
- Military Equipment Tutorials
- Aircraft for Amateurs
- Airpower Overview
- Boats for Beginners
- Underwater Acoustics
- United States Navy Ship Introduction
- International Naval Forces Overview
- World-Wide Land Combat Systems
- Bullets for Beginners
- Big Bullets for Beginners
- Bullets for Beginners Background
- Bugle Calls
- Rockets for Rookies
- Bombs for Beginners
The weapons pages will have pictures and often diagrams of equipment.
I highly recommend the Military Equipment Tutorials, even though most of them seem to be around a decade old. They can teach you the difference between a carbine and sub machine gun, what to play on the bugle when, how to identify NATO ammunition and more.