The U.S. Army In The Occupation Of Germany 1944-1946 –http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/occ-gy/
Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:
- How do occupiers see themselves?
- What problems do people under occupation face?
- How did the US manage relationships between GIs and German woman?
- What did a typical meal look like in occupied Germany?
This is an electronic edition of a 1975 book published by the Center of Military History of the US Army. From the introduction:
This volume provides an authoritative account of the role of the US Army in military government and occupation of Germany from the inception of planning until the relative separation of military government and tactical troops in 1946. In the process it offers an in-depth study of the first year, the formative period of the occupation, a most eventful phase in the shaping of post-war Europe. The story ranges from Washington and theater headquarters down to military government detachments in the field, and covers the varied national and international civilian and military apparatus that evolved. Illustrating the diverse approaches of the Americans, British, and Russians, it analyzes efforts to combat hunger, disease, and crime, preserve cultural artifacts, re-establish industry and utilities, and resolve thorny problems involving currency, housing, education, newspapers, elections, and displaced persons. The account shows the pitfalls and difficulties in planning, organizing, and executing such a complex undertaking.
The book has a number of photographs and drawings that might help someone either with clothes or buildings of the 1940s or with the types of scenes an occupation brings. Some of the more interesting sounding illustrations are:
- Posting the Ordinances 134
- Civilians Turn In Weapons and Cameras 135
- Germans Read the Proclamation and Ordinances 138
- Trial in a Military Government Court 180
- A German Woman Surveys the Wreckage of Her Property 190
- DP Being Dusted With DDT 196
- MFA&A Posts Room in Which Museum Pieces Are Stored 199
- Russian DPs Prepare Meal in Camp at Trier 201
- US Tank Crashes Through Ruins of a German Town 227
- Soldiers Admire Manet Painting in Merkers Mine 229
- Germans Dig Graves for Concentration Camp Victims 234
- Survivors of Buchenwald 237
- Scene of the Atrocity at Thekla 244
- Mass Funeral for Concentration Camp Prisoners 250
- Germans and DPs Carrying Loot 251
- Germans Exchange Street Signs 261
- Westbound DPs Board a Train 285
- Russian DPs Give Departing Comrades a Send-Off 287
- Prisoner of War Column Marches Through Munich 292
- Soldiers Check Papers of a Civilian 319
- Nonfraternization 323
- Fraternization 326
- Women Salvage Bricks 348
- Berliners Receive Bread Ration From a Trailer 349
- Many Lived in Shacks and Ruins 352
- Troops Search Luggage for Black Market Goods 353
- Gathering Firewood, February 1946 408
- Family Meal 411
- A Day’s Ration 436