Writer's Guide to Government Information

Resources to inject real life detail into your fiction

Archive for the tag “Marine Corps”

Writer’s Guide: Marine Corps Links Ought to be Fixed

Recently I discovered that many of my links to Marine Corp sources, especially those to online books had stopped working. I have now updated links and anything tagged Marine Corps ought to feature working links now.

The only exception appears to be the Marine Corps History Division, but I’ve provided an Internet Archive link to it. Hopefully it will be back online soon as it is a really good resource.

I’d like to point out that links that DIDN’T break belonged to the library organizations OCLC WorldCat and the Internet Archive. Libraries’ dedication to preservation and access to electronic documents is one more reason why we still need libraries in an electronic age.

Anytime you find a broken link, please let me know. Though I aim to regularly check links on this site, no one is perfect. I take broken links here seriously.

Marines in Iraq 2004-2008: An Anthology and Annotated Bibliography

Marines in Iraq 2004-2008: An Anthology and Annotated Bibliography

(Paper – http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/670246464)

(PDF – 7 parts)

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What challenges did US Marines find in Iraq?
  • What Marines units participated in the early occupation of Iraq?
  • When did Grand Ayatollah al-Sistani negotiate a truce in Najaf?

Description:

From the introduction:

This anthology presents a collection of 21 articles describing the full range of U.S. Marine Corps operations in Iraq from 2004 to 2008. During this period, the Marines conducted a wide variety of kinetic and non-kinetic operations as they fought to defeat the Iraq insurgency, build stability, and lay the groundwork for democratic governance.

The selections in this collection include journalistic accounts, scholarly essays, and Marine Corps summaries of action. Our intent is to provide a general overview to educate Marines and the general public about this critical period in the history of the U.S. Marine Corps, the United States, and Iraq. Many of the conclusions are provisional and are being updated and revised as new information and archival resources become available.

The accompanying annotated bibliography provides a detailed overview of where current scholarship on this period currently stands.

The annotated bibliography runs from page 269 through page 294 and includes primary and secondary sources. The articles and bibliographies offer many differing viewpoints. Between the essays and the bibliography, you ought to be reasonably informed about many aspects of the Iraq War from 2004-2008.

In addition to the articles and annotated bibliography there is a useful “Chronology of Events” starting at page 261.

The web version of the book is presented in seven PDF files. If you’d like a paper copy try interlibrary loan through your local public library.

U.S. Marines in Afghanistan, 2001-2002: From the Sea

U.S. Marines in Afghanistan, 2001-2002: From the Sea. Col Nathan S. Lowrey, USMCR. 2011. 410 pp.

(Paper: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/778362271) – Links to online copies

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What were some of the Marine operations in Jalalabad?
  • How did the Navy treat American and Afghani wounded in the early phases of the campaign in Afghanistan?
  • How was al-Qaeda officially viewed by the US prior to 2001?
  • How were seized airfields maintained in the early phases of the war?
  • Description:

From the foreward:

This monograph is more than the story of Marine expeditionary operations in Afghanistan. It describes who our nation’s enemies are; how America became involved in the Global War on Terrorism; and how the Marine Corps struggled to acquire a major role in Operation Enduring Freedom, as well as the actions of Marines and sailors who helped prosecute the air and ground campaigns against Taliban and al-Qaeda forces.

The work is arranged chronologically, with some chapters named after operations or areas of special interest. For example, Chapter 12 is titled Tora Bora (p. 221 of PDF file) and contains analysis, criticism and defense of the way the search for Osama bin Laden was handled. Interestingly, while this chapter carries maps of the area, there are no photos of the caves area.

There are a large number of color photos in this book and the index is of some use in locating them. Between the narrative text and the index are five appendices. While all of them look useful to writers, two stand out:

  • Appendix D: Chronology of events
  • Appendix E: Unit awards and messages

The chronology of events is interesting not only as a useful scaffold for stories set during the war, but because it starts in 1992 when “Al-Qaeda affiliates target U.S. Marines during hotel bombing in Aden, Yemen.”

The Unit awards and messages are communications from the Secretary of the Navy and other high ranking officials and set the tone for the justification of the war and how each of the commended units contributed to the mission. These might make useful templates for similar communications in fictitious wars here and on other worlds.

U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991: With the I Marine Expeditionary Force in Desert Shield and Desert Storm

U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991: With the I Marine Expeditionary Force in Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Col Charles J. Quilter II, USMCR. 1993. 131 pp.

(Paper: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/28365610)

(Online Text)

(Page Images)

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What was the Baghdad Express?
  • What were some examples of so-called “friendly fire” incidents?
  • What was the “Scud Bowl” and why did Saudis find it offensive?
  • What did Marines think of Saudi driving?
  • How did the liberation of Kuwait begin?

Description:

From the preface:

This monograph was written from mid-1991 to February 1992 and consists of events and issues from the perspective of the I MEF commander, Lieutenant General Boomer, who incidentally made the historians’ job infinitely easier by recording all of his staff meetings.

This work appears to be arranged chronologically. It has both an index and subject descriptive chapter headings in the table of contents. The work concludes with three appendices.

U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991: With the 2d Marine Division in Desert Shield and Desert Storm

U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991: With the 2d Marine Division in Desert Shield and Desert Storm. LtCol Dennis P. Mroczkowski, USMCR. 1993. 107 pp.
(Paper: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29231691)

(Text)

(Page Images)

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What was an AAV and what was its purpose?
  • What did the 2nd Division do after the cessation of hostilities?
  • When are night vision goggles useless?

Description:

From the preface,

This history is also limited in scope, partly because of time constraints. It also is not meant to be the definitive work on the 2d Marine Division’s participation in the war in the Persian Gulf area; that is intended by the Director of Marine Corps History and Museums to come later. This volume studies the participation of the division as an entity, and is written from that perspective. The actions of regiments, battalions, companies, small units, or individuals are noted as they are exceptional or contributed significantly to the division’s overall efforts.

This work is mostly arranged chronologically, with information on preparations and intelligence efforts prior to the start of hostilities. The narrative concludes with an epilogue that is part celebratory, part reflective and part summary. It also includes a statement on how many Iraqis surrendered and how much enemy equipment was captured or destroyed.

Between the narrative section and the index are four appendices.Two that will be valuable to writers of stories during this period are Appendix C, List of Acronyms and Abbreviations and Appendix D, Chronology.

U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991: With the 1st Marine Division in Desert Shield and Desert Storm

U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991: With the 1st Marine Division in Desert Shield and Desert Storm. LtCol Charles H. Cureton, USMCR. 1993. 154 pp.

(Paper: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/631292176)

(Text)

(Page Images)

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What happened at the Kuwait International Airport during the war?
  • How did the 1st Marine Division interact with their British allies?
  • How many M220A4 TOW II Missile Launchers were available to the 1st Division during the Persian Gulf War?

Description:

From the foreward:

The material in this monograph is based on personal observation, unit command chronologies 1 August 1990 – 30 April 1991 (located in the Archives Section, Marine Corps Historical Center, Washington, D.C. Navy Yard), unit combat operations center journals, situation reports, and interviews.

This work is arranged chronologically, with most of the detail reserved for the actual four day war itself. Background material is provided, as is an index. Between the narrative section and the index are four appendices. The two likeliest to be important to writers of stories set in this period are Appendix B, Major Weapons Systems and Appendix D, Uniforms in the 1st Marine Division.

U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991: Anthology and Annotated Bibliography

U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991: Anthology and Annotated Bibliography. Maj Charles D. Melson, USMC (Ret), Evelyn A. Englander and Capt David A. Dawson, USMC. 1992. 258 pp.

(Paper: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27257737)
(PDF)

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What was the state and thinking of the Marine Corps the day before Iraq invaded Kuwait?
  • What was involved in getting US forces supplied and sent to the Middle East?
  • What joint training was done with Saudi Forces prior to the opening of Desert Storm?
  • How did some US servicemembers view their service in Kuwait and Iraq?

Description:

From the foreward:

The 26 entries comprising this anthology provide a general overview of Marine involvement in the Persian, Gulf conflict. The first five focus on the Marine Corps’ contribution to the American. effort to defend Saudi’ Arabia–Operation Desert Shield. The second group concentrates on, the Marine Corps’ role in the liberation of Kuwait–Operation Desert Storm. Within these two sections, the entries have been, organized to progress from the highest level of organization, the Marine Expeditionary’ Force, to the lowest, the platoon, squad,.and. individual Marine. The last three entries deal with the aftermath of the war, and issues raised during the war. Al:so included is. an appendix consisting of an annotated bibliography of articles that appeared’ in the U.S.. Naval Institute Proceedings, Marine Corps Gazette, and Naval War College Review, from October 1990 to December 19.91. While excellent articles pertaining to, the Persian Gulf have been published: in many other periodicals, due to the limitations of time and resources the History and Museums. Division confined its attention to the’ three aforementioned, publications. Finally, two additional appendices, one showing the’ task organization of I Marine Expeditionary Force in February 1991 and another giving a chronology of significant events. Involving Marines in the. Persian Gulf from August 1990: to June’ 1991, have been included.

There are a number of maps and photos in the anthology, though no finding aid is offered and no general index is available. The Table of Contents is descriptive enough for a writer to locate an article on a subject of interest. Most of the articles in the anthology section are under copyright protection. The writer should still find them useful in obtaining background on the Persian Gulf War.

The bibliography begins on page 250 of the PDF file (p. 239 in paper). The entries are alphabetical by author with no effort at a subject organization. Most entries are annotated with a single sentence, but some entries have up to a full paragraph.

U.S. Marine Corps Civic Action Effort in Vietnam, March 1965-March 1966

U.S. Marine Corps Civic Action Effort in Vietnam, March 1965-March 1966. Capt Russel H. Stolfi, USMCR. 1968. 96 pp.

(Paper:  http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2616463)

(PDF: http://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p4013coll11/id/1456)

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What was in a US issued midwifery kit? A blacksmith kit?
  • Where can I find maps of civil action activities?
  • What was the character of the South Vietnamese government in 1965?
  • What was the role of the US Marines in providing medical services?

Description:

From the foreward: “This pamphlet tells the story of the first formative year of civilian-aid policies, programs, and actions of the III Marine Amphibious Force.” This 133 page document was based on records, interviews and correspondence. The book is mostly arranged chronologically. Chapter two is a helpful summary of the government and institutions of both parts of Vietnam up to 1965.

The narrative section is followed by an appendix of “Contents of CARE kits provided through Reserve Civic Actions Fund for Vietnam.” The pamphlet is well illustrated but has no index, a special burden because the Table of Contents provides no real clues about what constituted “civic action” in Vietnam.

The Marines in Vietnam, 1954-1973: An Anthology and Annotated Bibliography

The Marines in Vietnam, 1954-1973: An Anthology and Annotated Bibliography. 1974. 277 pp. 1983 reprint. 1985 rev. ed. 373 pp.

(Paper with links to online versions: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/643660501)

Representative questions that can be answered with this resource:

  • What roles did dentists play in Vietnam?
  • What were the French doing in Vietnam prior to 1954?
  • Where can I read about a night ambush on American forces?

Description:

The anthology portion of this book is briefly summed up in the preface, with a paragraph of two summarizing an article or closely related group of articles. The articles cover Marine organization and operations in Vietnam from the time the US took over military advice from the French to the eventual withdrawal of US forces.

The bibliography starts on page 357 of the paper book (p. 371 of the pdf file). The bibliography is alphabetical by author (by title if no author given). Each entry’s annotation varies from about one to three sentences. No effort is made at categorizing the entries.

This work will be mostly useful for filling in background on stories taking place in the Vietnam war and for seeing how people deal with a military loss.

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